The Acid Present in the Venom of Bee and Ant Sting is
Option 1 is the right answer.
Formic is the simplest carboxylic acid. Its chemical formula is HCOOH or HCO2H. It is an important intermediate in chemical synthesis and occurs naturally, most notably in ant venom.Its name comes from the Latin word for ant, formica, referring to its early isolation by the distillation of ant bodies. Esters, salts, and the anions derived from formic acid are referred to as formates.
In nature, it is found in the venom of ants and bees. Formic acid is a naturally occurring component of the atmosphere due primarily to forest emissions.
Domestic honeybees live in human-made hives and are commercially managed for honey production and pollination. They are relatively docile insects and usually sting only when provoked. When a honeybee stings, it leaves a barbed stinger with an attached venom sac in the victim’s skin, resulting in evisceration of the bee and its subsequent death.