Which of the following soils of India has been formed due to weathering of basaltic lava?

  1.  Alluvial soils
  2.  Laterite soils
  3.  Red soils
  4.  Regur soils
Harsh Vardhan Professor Asked on 11th May 2015 in Geography.
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    Laterite Soils

    Laterite soils has been formed due to weathering of basaltic lava.  In 1953  An All India Soil Survey Committee was set up by The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), and the committee divided the eight major group of Indian soil these are

    1. Alluvial soils
    2.  Black soils
    3.  Red soils
    4.  Laterite (Lateritic) soils
    5.  Forest and Mountain soils
    6.  Arid and Desert soils
    7.  Saline and Alkaline soils
    8.  Peaty and Marshy soils

    RE: Which of the following soils of India has been formed due to weathering of basaltic lava?


    Laterite soils formed when weathering of rocks with high temperature rainfall. The layer of Laterite soils is rich from iron oxide. In other way, ‘Reddish soils which found in subtropical or tropical regions that has been leached of its soluble minerals’. This soil can also be found near Mount Isa, and adjacent to the fertile cracking clays of the Mitchell grass region.

    The darker the laterite, the harder, heavier and more resistant to moisture it is, Laterite is well known in Asian countries as a building material for more than 1000 years.  Laterite soil is rich in iron and poor in lime, potash and Magnesium. This type soils mostly found in the Assam, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and suitable crop for this soil is Tea, Coffee, Cashew, Rubber and Coconut.

    Monis Rasool Professor Answered on 13th May 2015.
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