Being overweigh is perhaps the biggest single health problem
Read the passage carefully.
Being overweigh is perhaps the biggest single health problem among middle-income groups all over the world. On an average, over 50 percent of the adults in the developed countries of the world are overweight.
There is a close relationship between the amount of food eaten, specially starchy, sugary and fatty food, and obesity. Being overweight is not normally a question of glands or heredity. It is almost entirely a question of eating too much of the wrong type of food.
Obesity begins from the time one is a baby. Most parents love a fat chubby baby, with the result that they grossly overfeed their children. So the risk of a coronary attack begins from childhood. The chubby child whom many parents are so proud of, becomes a heart case later on in his life. The eating case later on in his life. The eating habits formed in childhood continue for the rest of one’s life, with the result that by the time the infant has reached the age of 15, he is well on the way to having a weight problem when he becomes an adult.
Surprisingly, even a small amount of excess food can make one put on weight. It is a matter of simple arithmetic movement and exercise take off weight. If the calories coming in by way of food are I excess of the calories going out by way of movement and exercise, the calories become stored in out body as fat; and obesity begins. Even if a little excess mounts up and in the course of time the result is substantial overweight.
Obesity is also a matter of one’s luck and metabolism. Some people eat and drink enormous quantities of calories and yet never put on weight. Their bodies seem to burn up these calories. Yet, there are other people, unfortunately the majority, who, even if they eat a little excess food, have an increase in weight.
No matter how hard you exercise, you will never bring down you weight substantially by exercising alone. You must jog for a mile or walk hard for four miles to be able to eliminate the effect of only one slice of bread. This gives you and idea of what little effect exercise can have for bringing down weight.
Now answer the following questions choosing the right options.
- The calories become stored in our body as fat when …….
(a) a small amount of excess food is eliminated from out body.
(b) movement and exercise are more.
(c) intake calories are more than the outgoing calories.
(d) outgoing calories are more than the intake calories.
- Who are lucky according to the passage?
(a) Those who eat well but do not put on weight.
(b) Those whose bodies do not burn up calories.
(c) Those who eat little but put on weight.
(d) Those who eat excess and put on weight.
- The only way in which one can reduce weight effectively is…….
(a) to jog for a mile weekly once.
(b) to jog/ walk briskly everyday.
(c) to control one’s food alone.
(d) by exercise alone.
- Which of the following statements is true?
(a) Only the people of developed countries are overweight.
(b) The biggest health problem that the middle-income groups perhaps face is being overweight.
(c) Only the people of middle income group suffer from obesity.
(d) About 50% of the middle-income group are overweight.
- Most parents over-feed their children because …..
(a) they want to protect their children from the risk of heart attacks.
(b) they want to be more caring.
(c) they want their children to be healthy.
(d) they want their children to be chubby.
- (a) intake calories are more than the outgoing calories
- (a) Those who eat well but do not put on weight
- (c) to control one’s food alone
- (b) The biggest health problem that the middle-income groups perhaps face is being overweight
- (d) they want their children to be chubby