The environment includes
Abiotic and biotic factors
The environment includes abiotic and biotic factors. Abiotic factors refer to non-living physical and chemical elements in the ecosystem, So we can say easily, Abiotic factors are those non-living physical and chemical factors which affect the ability of organisms to survive and reproduce.
Other side Biotic factors are living or once-living organisms in the ecosystem, In other word, Biotic factors are all the living things or their materials that directly or indirectly affect an organism in the environment.
These are some Abiotic and Biotic factors are:
- Light intensity
- Temperature range
- Type of soil or rock
- pH level (acidity or alkalinity)
- water availability
- level of pollutant
These are some examples of Abiotic and Biotic
Abiotic- Water, light, wind, soil, humidity minerals, gases.
Biotic- All living things-autotrophs and heterotrophs-plants, animals, fungi, bacteria.