The Product of Neutralization reaction

  • acid
  • base
  • alkali
  • water and salt
Monis Rasool Professor Asked on 7th May 2015 in Chemistry.
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    Water and Salt

    In the context of a chemical reaction the term neutralization is used for a reaction between an acid and a base or alkali. Historically, this reaction was represented as

    acid + base = salt + water

    For example:

    HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H2O

    After an acid ‘neutralization’, there are no molecules of AH (or hydrogen ions produced by dissociation of the molecule) left, since all the acid molecules present initially in a neutral form are then ionized, i.e., charged, A−; the term ‘acid neutralization’ therefore implies acid (effects) rather than charge neutralization. In electrical terms, ‘acid neutralization’ thus corresponds to acid ionization. In the reaction, the amount of base added must moreover equal the amount of acid present initially. This amount of base is said to be the equivalent amount. In a titration of an acid with a base, the point of neutralization can also be called the equivalence point. The quantitative nature of the neutralization reaction is most conveniently expressed in terms of the concentrations of acid and alkali. At the equivalence point

    Harsh Vardhan Professor Answered on 7th May 2015.
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