Who was the first Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress?
Mrs. Annie Besant
Annie Besant (1 Oct 1847 – 20 Sep 1933) was the first Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress. Annie Besant was a renowned British socialist, theosophist, women’s rights activist, writer and orator.
Annie Besant first visited India in 1893 and later settled here. She became involved in the Indian freedom movement. In 1916 she established the Indian Rule League, which demanded self-rule for India. Annie Besant presided over the 1917 Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. Annie Besant played a significant role in the Indian freedom movement.
She worked with various union actions, Bloody Sunday demonstration and London match girls strike in 1888. She became a foremost speaker for Fabian Society as well as Marxist Social Democratic Federation.
She helped in establishing the Central Hindu College at Varanasi in 1898 and also helped in establishing the Hyderabad (Sind) National Collegiate Board, Mumbai, India in 1922.
Here are some Annie Besant Quotes
“Refusal to believe until proof is given is a rational position; denial of all outside of our own limited experience is absurd.”
“Liberty is a great celestial Goddess, strong, beneficent and austere, and she can never descent upon a nation by the shouting of crowds, nor by arguments of unbridled passion, nor by the hatred of class against class.”
“No philosophy, no religion, has ever brought so glad a message to the world as this good news of Atheism.”
“Every person, every race, every nation, has its own particular keynote which it brings to the general chord of life and of humanity.”
“Better remain silent, better not even think, if you are not prepared to act.”
“We learn much during our sleep, and the knowledge thus gained slowly filters into the physical brain, and is occasionally impressed upon it as a vivid and illuminative dream.”