When were the Fundamental Duties incorporated in the Constitution?
The “Fundamental Duties” was introduced in Constitution of India in year 1976. These Fundamental Duties of citizens was recommended by the bench of committee headed by Swaran Singh and included in constitution by 42th Amendment.
11 Fundamental Duties of citizens of India:
- Respect constitutional ideals and institutions, Tricolor National Flag and National Anthem.
- Cherish and follow ideals of freedom struggle.
- Safeguard public property
- Defend the nation against all odds.
- Promote brotherhood amongst all the citizen irrespective of religious, regional and linguistic boundaries.
- Preserve and value heritage of our culture.
- Protect and uphold the unity, sovereignty and integrity of the nation.
- Develop humanism, scientific temper and sprite of inquiry and reform.
- Strive towards excellence in all sphere of individual and collective activity.
- Protect and improve natural environment.
- Right to education for children between the age of six and fourteen years.
Fundamental Rights are also known as ‘Basic Human Rights‘ of Indian citizens.