Where did Madam Cama hoist the first tricolor flag in 1907?
“This flag is of Indian Independence! Behold, it is born! It has been made sacred by the blood of young Indians who sacrificed their lives. I call upon you, gentlemen to rise and salute this flag of Independence. In the name of this flag, I appeal to lovers of freedom all over the world to support this flag.”
–B. Cama, Stuttagart, Germany, 1907
Bhikaiji Rusto Cama (24 Sep 1861 – 13 Aug 1936) was a freedom fighter and a prominent personality of the Indian Nationalist Movement. The tricolor-flag Madam Cama unfurled had gren, safroon, and red stripes. Red represented strength, saffron victory,and green stood for boldness and enthusiasm.
There were eight lotuses representing the eight provinces and flowers represented princely states. “Vande Mataram” in Devanagari adorned centra saffron strip which means “salutation to Mother India.”
The sun and the moon indicated Hindu and Muslim faith. The flag was designed by Veer Savarkar with the help of other revolutionaries. After Stuttgart, Madam went to United States. She traveled a lot and informed Americans about Indian struggling for Independence.
She told about British efforts to smother the voice of educated Indians who protested against tyranny and depotism of British who always boasted themselves as “mother of parliamentary democracy” over the world! She could be called “Mother India’s first cultural representative to USA.”