Raja Ram Mohan Roy is considered the pioneer of modern Indian Renaissance
Directions: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow (Q. Nos. 1 to 8) by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is considered the pioneer of modern Indian Renaissance for the remarkable reforms he brought about in the 18th century India. Among his efforts, the abolition of the Sati-pratha- a practice in which the widow was compelled to sacrifice herself on the funeral pyre of her husband-was prominent. His efforts were also instrumental in eradicating the Purdah system and child marriage. In 1828, Ram Mohan Roy formed the Brahmo Samaj, a group of people, who had no faith in idol-worship and were against the caste restrictions.
Raja Ram Mohan Roys’ father was a a wealthy Brahmin and strictly performed the duties set by the religion. Ram Mohan himself was also devoted to Lord Vishnu and in his 14th year, he wanted to become a monk but his mother, Tarini Devi objected to his desire.
Ram Mohan viewed education as a medium to implement the social reforms. So, in 1815, Ram Mohan came to Calcutta and the very next year, started an English College by putting in his own savings. He was well aware that the students should learn the English language and scientific subjects and that’s shy he criticized the government’s policy of opening only Sanskrit schools. According to him, Indians would lag behind if they do not get to study modern subjects like Mathematics, Geography and Latin. The government accepted this idea of Ram Mohan and also implemented it but not before his death. Ram Mohan was also the first to give importance to the development of mother tongue. His Gaudiya Byakaran in Bengali is the best of his prose works. Rabindranath Tagore and Bankimchandra also followed in the footsteps of Ram Mohan Roy.
Ram Mohan Roy was a staunch supported of free speech and expression and fought for the rights of Vernacular Press. He also brought out a newspaper in Persian called Miratual Akhbar (the Mirror of News) and a Bengali weekly called Sambad Kaumudi (the Moon of Intelligence). In those days, items of news and articles had to be approved by the government before being published. Ram Mohan protested against this control by arguing that newspapers should be free and that the truth should not be suppressed simply because the government did not like it.
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known for his
(a) economic reforms
(b) literary reforms
(c) political reforms
(d) social reforms
- When he was a teenager, Raja Ram Mohan Roy expressed his desire to become a
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy believed that Indians would lag behind if they
(a) forgot their cultural roots
(b) did not learn traditional skills
(c) gave up study of Sanskrit
(d) did not study modern subjects
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy strongly supported
(a) rituals and observances
(b) physical education
(c) freedom of speech and expression
(d) moral education
- The word ‘eliminating’ most nearly means
- The word which is opposite in meaning to ‘encouraged’ is
- Which ‘part of speech’ is the underlined word in the sentence given below?
“He was a staunch supporter of free speech and expression.”
- “Raja Ram Mohan Roy viewed education…. .”
The ‘voice’ in the above sentence has been correctly changed in
(a) Education was viewed ….
(b) Education is viewed ….
(c) Education is viewed …..
(d) Education had been viewed…